Can the IoT Help Lessen Emissions on the Road?

According to Climate Central , Texas alone emitted more carbon dioxide from burning energy than any other state in the U.S. for 24 years in a row. To be more specific, the Lone Star state produced 641 million metric tons of carbon dioxide in 2013, which was almost double the emissions of California.

Global carbon emissions have reached a level where immediate action is required in order to avoid changes to the planet’s climate. In 2015, the world came together to sign the Paris Climate Agreement , with the aim to prevent the global average temperature rising above 2°C. The Paris Climate Agreement presented several smart solutions to lessen carbon emissions, one of which is the complete banning of diesel vehicles by some countries.

However, the banning of diesel vehicles won’t come into effect until 2040 and with the U.S. pulling out of the Agreement earlier this year, countries and corporations are looking for more immediate methods to reduce emissions. One viable solution is the Internet of Things (IoT). In an attempt to make the air cleaner without waiting for several years for countries to cut carbon emissions, some companies and organizations are promoting the use of IoT on the road. With the IoT, connected cars and vehicle technology can create a greener driving experience for drivers.

 

Water Injection System

It’s possible to connect individual vehicle components through the use of the IoT. One good example is BMW’s water injection system that sprays water into the vehicle’s cylinders to help reduce engine temperature and save fuel. BMW claim that the water injection system can boost fuel economy by 8% while also increasing engine power by 10%, making it not only good for the environment but also demonstrating how clean energy is the way forward for engine design and performance. The water-injection technology isn’t a new product and the original concept was first used in airplanes. BMW hopes the system will be widely available by 2019.

A Self-Diagnosing Car

One of the many ways that the IoT can make cars greener is through the use of self-diagnosing cars. One recent example is Motech’s Eco Map . The Eco Map is a smart technology that re-profiles vehicle engine characteristics, enabling it to deliver improved economy to the car, as well as enhanced driving experience across all driving conditions.

The system will be able to find the right tire pressure and even find out how many cylinders the engine should be running on. With an improved engine response, as well as fuel efficiency, self-diagnosing cars will not only be able to reduce CO2 emissions but lower motoring costs as well.

Electronic Logging Devices

Another way that the IoT can help lessen emissions on the road is through the use of an electronic logging device (ELD). This IoT technology is currently being implemented by delivery trucks in the U.S. due to a mandate by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to all fleet operators within the country. The law will be implemented in December 2017.

Fleetmatics state that the mandate will completely replace paper logbooks and provide a digital record of journeys through an ELD. An ELD will force drivers and commercial companies to economize their working hours because they can only operate within their Hours of Service (HoS). Using the paper logging system, drivers could easily circumvent their HoS. In comparison ELDs will provide drivers, fleet operators, and road inspectors with an accurate record that cannot be altered. Fleet operators will also be able to use data from ELDs to cut unnecessary road trips that make the job longer to accomplish. Truck Info says that in the U.S. , there are over 1.2 million trucking companies that operate at least 6

trucks each. When every truck is equipped with an ELD, it should lessen the carbon emissions emitted from the freight industry.

With the aforementioned IoT devices, carbon emissions can be vastly lessened in Texas as well as in other states. As previously mentioned, Texas alone produced over 640 million metric tons of carbon dioxide, and experts say that the numbers would’ve grown even further if private entities and the local government didn’t take the initiative to rely on technology to cut the emissions.

About the Author

WrittenbyJB is a freelance tech writer. Before deciding to become the boss of her own time, she used to work as high school English teacher. She bakes a lot in her free time with her 3 daughters.